Surgery is often the first method used in diagnosing or treating cancer. It may be followed by other treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy. Some surgical procedures are done in an outpatient setting, while others may require hospitalization. Surgical oncologists use the latest techniques to treat tumors and reconstruct tissue while restoring function and appearance.
Our surgical oncologists work as a team with our oncologists and other physicians to obtain the best possible outcome for our patients. Surgery may be performed to achieve one or more of the following goals:
- Preventive surgery is performed to remove growths or tissues that are likely to develop into cancer.
- Diagnosis and Staging
- A biopsy may be performed to discover whether a growth is cancerous, and if so, how far the disease has progressed.
- Curative surgery aims to remove an entire tumor.
- Tumor Reduction
- Called "debulking," this surgery is performed to remove the majority of a tumor. Some cancer cells may remain and may be removed by other treatment methods.
- Palliative surgery does not treat cancer but rather alleviates pain and other complications that a cancer may cause.
- Reconstructive surgery addresses body image concerns resulting from cancer or cancer treatment. Options may include breast reconstruction, facial reconstruction or scar revision.
Surgeons are available at Carle in the following specialties:
- Colon rectal
- Head and neck
- Heart, lung and vascular
- Oral and maxillofacial
- Spine and orthopedic