Interventional radiology techniques are used to diagnose and treat conditions of the spine. Imaging technology precisely guides minimally-invasive procedures with needles, catheters and other devices. Services we perform include:
Kyphoplasty and Vertebroplasty
Kyphoplasty and vertebroplasty are minimally-invasive procedures for treating painful vertebral compression fractures, which are fractures involving the spine. There are several causes of compression fractures in the spine, but the most common cause is osteoporosis which is a disease where the bone has lost its normal density and strength. Bones in patients with osteoporosis are weak and are prone to fractures, even with minimal trauma. Weakened bones can be seen in elderly or bedridden patients, patients with cancer involving the spine and those with metabolic disorders or chronic steroid use.
In vertebroplasty, x-rays are used to guide needles through the skin and into the spine to allow cement to be injected into the broken bones. In kyphoplasty, needles are also guided into the spine but small balloons are used to create a cavity before the cement is injected. Both procedures are outpatient procedures done with either moderate sedation with IV medications ("twilight sedation") or general anesthesia and take 1 to 2 hours to perform. The vast majority of patients are discharged the same day.
Your doctor will send you to an Intervention Radiologist for consultation where you will be evaluated to see if you would be a good candidate for this procedure. Additional tests such as nuclear medicine scans, CT Scans and/or MRIs may be necessary, along with some simple blood work.