Mostafa asserts that this research would not be possible without two key elements: the partnership between Carle and the Beckman Institute, and the co-owned Siemens MAGNETOM Terra 7 Tesla MRI scanner.
“Without the clinical question, we wouldn’t have an idea,” he said, referencing his work with patients experiencing neurological issues like intracranial hemorrhages. “And without the expertise of Beckman and the university, we’d have no study.”
Mostafa is working alongside experts at Carle, the University of Illinois, and the Beckman Institute to better understand what treatments and interventions might work best for a patient suffering from intracranial hemorrhages, or bleeding in the brain. The research focuses on patients who suffer from spontaneous intracranial hemorrhages deep in the brain. The treatments are oftentimes controversial.
By having access to the 7 Tesla scanner, Mostafa and his team will seek to characterize microenvironments surrounding the hemorrhages, which may hold the answers on how to treat patients in the future.
“This study presents a true collaboration between neurosurgery and biomedical imaging to understand a serious question we don’t currently have an answer for,” Mostafa said.
The study will consist of acquiring MRI scans of patients’ brains to understand what’s happening around the hemorrhage. If the patient then goes to surgery, the team will repeat the MRI scan after the surgery to see how parameters improve after treatment and in the long-term to determine outcomes. If some patients have better outcomes than others, data from the original MRIs may provide insight into why this is, and how treatment adjustments achieve the most successful outcomes for all patients.
“To predict which patient will have a better outcome with intervention for intracranial hemorrhage and which will not, will help clinicians better tailor treatment for individual patients in the future,” Mostafa said. “This is an important question and if we had the answer to that, the impact would be huge.”
The 7 Tesla MRI scanner is safe to use, but there is an ultra-high field MRI, which means it allows an indepth clarity to scans not common across all MRIs. In fact, the 7 Tesla is one of about four MRIs of its kind currently used for patient care, and the only machine of its kind in the state of Illinois.
NICO Corporation, a medical device company, granted Mostafa and his team $75,000 to conduct the study — the second highest grant from the corporation on record.
Tracey Wszalek, PhD, co-director of the Carle Illinois Advanced Imaging Center and director of the Biomedical Imaging Center at the University of Illinois Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, is one of the team’s co-investigators.
“The project led by Dr. Mostafa is a perfect example of the kind of collaborative study our institutions envisioned possible by the 7 [Tesla],” she said. “Novel imaging tools developed by university investigators assist clinicians in better understanding clinical challenges to ultimately bring about better clinical outcomes.”
To learn more about the Carle Illinois Advanced Imaging Center, go to https://carle.org/Services/Carle-Illinois-Advanced-Imaging-Center.
This article is adapted from the original story published by the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology at University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign.