Lung cancers can be caused by many different things including exposures to chemicals, lifestyle choices (like tobacco use), and other environmental factors. Some types of cancer develop in many individuals in a family. In those cases, we look for an underlying genetic cause for the cancer in the family. At this time, there have not been many genetic or "hereditary" links to lung cancer. The field of genetics is changing every day as research is performed. In the future, we may find a genetic link to lung cancer in families.
When you think about your family, are there many people who have had cancer? If there is a strong history of cancer in your family, you may wish to meet with a genetic counselor. Some of the patterns that genetic counselors look for in a family history include:
- Two or more close relatives with cancer
- Cancer diagnosed before age 50
- More than one diagnosis of cancer in an individual (second primary)
- Several generations with cancer
- Unusual or rare cancers
- Ethnicity (for example, Ashkenazi Jewish)
What is Genetic Counseling?
Genetic counseling is the process of helping people understand and adapt to the medical concerns in their family. Genetic counselors help people make informed decisions about their health and genetic information.
Genetic counselors work in a variety of areas including pregnancy care and planning, pediatrics, cancer, and others. Genetic counseling is specific to your needs and the information you are seeking. Carle Cancer Center offers genetic counseling services. Your team can work with you to set up an appointment.
How to Prepare for Your Cancer Genetic Counseling Appointment
A typical genetic counseling visit includes:
- Discussion of medical history
- Collection of family history
- Discussion of how cancer risks can be passed down in a family
- Discussion of cancer prevention options and screening
- Review of genetic testing options
- Provide supportive counseling
People who have genetic counseling may have one visit, while other people meet with a genetic counselor every few years. Since information about cancer genetics is growing, and new testing options or recommendations may become available, you may wish to follow-up with a genetic counselor even if you had genetic counseling in the past.
You may want to gather some information before meeting with a genetic counselor. You may not be able to get all of the details, but the more information you have, the more your genetic counselor can help.
- Ask your relatives about medical conditions in the family, especially if someone has had cancer. How old were they when the cancer was diagnosed? Has anyone had genetic testing in the family?
- Gather any medical records of your cancer history or family history, especially if testing, diagnosis, or treatment were not performed at Carle Foundation Hospital.
- Bring a list of questions to your appointment.