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COVID-19 Vaccine Information

Carle, in partnership with state and local public health officials offers vaccine to patients and the public. To schedule your vaccine appointment in a community near you, please visit the pages below for county specific information.

In addition Illinois Department of Public Health partners with retail pharmacies to deliver the vaccine. Please visit this site to find a local pharmacy near you.

All COVID-19 vaccines available are a safe and effective way to limit the transmission and severity of the disease. Carle Health requires all team members to be COVID-19 vaccinated to reduce the spread of infection throughout the region and to offer the safest environment possible for community members to receive care.

Frequently Asked Questions

General Vaccine FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

  • When and where can I receive the vaccine?

    Those 12 years and older are eligible for the COVID-19 vaccine.  For information on when and where you can schedule your vaccine appointment in a community near you, select your county in the table above. Note: those who are 12 - 17 years old are only eligible for the Pfizer vaccine.

  • I’ve had another immunization or shot recently. Can I still get the COVID-19 vaccine?

    You can get a COVID-19 vaccine and other vaccines, including a flu vaccine, at the same visit. Experience with other vaccines has shown that the way our bodies develop protection, known as an immune response, and possible side effects after getting vaccinated are generally the same when given alone or with other vaccines. Learn more about the timing of other vaccines.

  • What vaccines will be available?

    Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson have all been approved for Emergency Use Authorization under the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Multiple other manufacturers are in the final stages of evaluation. However, the brand you will receive is determined by what we have been given by the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH). The brand of vaccine may vary week to week, so you will not be given a choice. If you need a second dose based on the manufacturer's guidance, you will be scheduled for your second dose at check-out from your first dose.

  • How do I schedule my second dose?

    Pfizer, Moderna and Johnson & Johnson have both been approved for Emergency Use Authorization under the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Multiple other manufacturers are in the final stages of evaluation. However, the brand you will receive is determined by what we have been given by the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH). The brand of vaccine may vary week to week, so you will not be given a choice. You will receive the same brand for dose 1 and 2.

  • How do they work?

    Both the Pfizer and the Moderna vaccines use new mRNA technology, which does not use the live virus that causes COVID-19. While many vaccines put a weakened or inactivated germ into our bodies, mRNA teaches our cells how to make a protein—or even just a piece of a protein—that triggers an immune response inside our bodies. That immune response, which produces antibodies, is what protects us from getting infected if the real virus enters our bodies.

  • How effective is each vaccine in preventing me from getting sick?

    All of the vaccines are safe and effective at preventing serious illness, hospitalizations and death. Read below for more information on the effectiveness of each approved vaccine.>

    Pfizer/BioNTech vaccine
    The FDA has given emergency use authorization to the Pfizer/BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine. Data has shown that the vaccine starts working soon after the first dose and has an efficacy rate of 95% seven days after the second dose. This means that about 95% of people who get the vaccine are protected from becoming seriously ill with the virus. This vaccine is for people age 12 and older. It requires two injections given 21 days apart.

    Moderna vaccine
    The FDA has given emergency use authorization to the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine. Data has shown that the vaccine has an efficacy rate of 94.1%. This vaccine is for people age 18 and older. This vaccine requires two injections given 28 days apart.

    Both the Pfizer/BioNTech and the Moderna COVID-19 vaccines use messenger RNA (mRNA). Coronaviruses have a spike-like structure on their surface called an S protein. COVID-19 mRNA vaccines give cells instructions for how to make a harmless piece of an S protein. After vaccination, cells begin making the protein pieces and displaying them on cell surfaces. Your immune system will recognize that the protein doesn't belong there and begin building an immune response and making antibodies.

    Johnson & Johnson vaccine

    The US FDA has given emergency use authorization to Janssen Biotech (Johnson and Johnson) for its investigational single-dose Janssen COVID-19 vaccine candidate. The current vaccine has a 72% efficacy rate against the US strain of COVID-19. 

    After the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Food and Drug Administration recommended a pause on administering this vaccine, further investigation proved the vaccine continues to be a safe, effective way to protect yourself and others from COVID-19. The CDC and FDA have determined that the benefits of this vaccine significantly outweigh the risk of developing rare blood clots.

  • What are the benefits of getting a COVID-19 vaccine?

    COVID-19 can cause severe medical complications and lead to death in some people. There is no way to know how COVID-19 will affect you. If you get COVID-19, you could spread the disease to family, friends and others around you.

    Getting a COVID-19 vaccine can help protect you by creating an antibody response in your body without your having to become sick with COVID-19.

    A COVID-19 vaccine might prevent you from getting COVID-19. Or, if you get COVID-19, the vaccine might keep you from becoming seriously ill or from developing serious complications.

    Getting vaccinated also might help protect people around you from COVID-19, particularly people at increased risk of severe illness from COVID-19.

  • What are the side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine?

    Like with any vaccine, you may experience some side effects – that’s a sign that the vaccine is working. Plan for a day of rest after each dose if possible. Some trial participants see tenderness, achiness and mild fever. Staff will monitor you for 15 minutes after getting a COVID-19 vaccine to see if you have an immediate reaction. Most reactions happen with the first few days after vaccination and last no more than three days.

  • Can I take a pain reliever such as Tylenol® or Aleve® before my vaccination?

    Medicines such as acetaminophen or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may be taken after vaccination if medically appropriate and symptoms appear. Taking these medications before vaccination has been shown to reduce effectiveness of other vaccines, and its impact on the effectiveness of COVID vaccine has not yet been determined. We are discouraging prophylactic use but encouraging use once side effects begin to show. It is OK to start once the side effects like myalgias, fevers, etc. begin to appear.

  • Can a COVID-19 vaccine give you COVID-19?

    No. The COVID-19 vaccines currently being developed in the U.S. don't use the live virus that causes COVID-19.

    Keep in mind that it will take a few weeks for your body to build immunity after getting a COVID-19 vaccination. It is possible that you could become infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 as a result, just before or after being vaccinated.

  • How many doses will I need to protect myself?

    Both Pfizer and Moderna vaccines are a two-dose series with the second shot 21 to 28 days after the first, depending on the specific vaccine received. It’s important to commit to getting both doses at the correct time. Johnson & Johnson is a one time dose that is safe and effective at preventing serious illness from COVID-19.

    Data from small clinical trials show that a Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna booster shot increased the immune response in trial participants who finished their initial series 6 months earlier. A similar clinical trial showed that a J&J/Janssen booster shot also increased the immune response in participants who completed their single-dose vaccine at least 2 months earlier. With an increased immune response, people should have improved protection against COVID-19, including the Delta variant.

  • When am I immune?

    It typically takes a few weeks for the body to build immunity after vaccination. Therefore, it is possible that a person could become sick or even spread the virus to others, because the vaccine did not have enough time to provide protection. The vaccines are more than 90 percent effective but it’s still unknown how long immunity last for at this time. We’re hopeful it could be for several months but research is still underway. That’s why it’s important that you continue to wear mask in public settings, social distance, and use good hand hygiene.

  • When can I see my family?

    Each person needs to be making informed choices for their family based on their unique circumstances. While the vaccine does place us on the right path for widespread protections from COVID-19, it will be several months before enough people are vaccinated to significantly slow the spread of the virus. It may be possible to carry the virus to others even after vaccination which is why we’re focused on vaccinating as many people as possible.

  • Can you still spread the virus after getting the vaccine?

    Given the currently limited information on how much the vaccine may reduce transmission in the general population and how long protection lasts, vaccinated persons should continue to follow all current guidance to protect themselves and others. This includes wearing a mask in public, staying at least 6 feet away from others, avoiding crowds, washing hands often, following CDC travel guidance, following quarantine guidance after an exposure to someone with COVID-19, and following any applicable workplace or school guidance, including guidance related to personal protective equipment use or COVID-19 testing.

  • I lost my vaccine card, what do I do?

    Your vaccination records are available 24/7 via MyCarle. The MyCarle web-page or app, both have quick access to COVID-19 health information including immunization records and test results. You may also request through Carle Health Information Management.

  • Why can’t you reprint my card?

    You should store your vaccine card in a safe place. It’s always available to you via MyCarle. To reduce the risk of fraudulent usage or reproduction, Carle will not reprint a vaccine card.

  • Why is Carle Health requiring the vaccine for all team members?

    We exist to be a trusted healthcare partner for our communities, and maintaining a safe environment is key. Requiring the vaccine for staff is the best way for us to care for our patients and those around us during the evolving pandemic and beyond.

  • What is the COVID-19 vaccine additional dose?
    People with moderately to severely compromised immune systems are especially vulnerable to COVID-19, and may not build the same level of immunity to two-dose vaccine series compared to people who are not immunocompromised. The CDC recommends that people with moderately to severely compromised immune systems receive an additional dose of mRNA COVID-19 vaccine at least 28 days after a second dose of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccineor Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine. This additional dose is intended to improve immunocompromised people’s response to their initial vaccine series
  • Who needs an additional dose of COVID-19 vaccine?
    Currently, CDC is recommending that moderately to severely immunocompromised people receive an additional dose. This includes people who have:  
    • Active treatment for solid tumor and hematologic malignancies
    • Receipt of solid-organ transplant and taking immunosuppressive therapy
    • Receipt of CAR-T-cell or hematopoietic stem cell transplant (within 2 years of transplantation or taking immunosuppression therapy)
    • Moderate or severe primary immunodeficiency (e.g., DiGeorge syndrome, Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome)
    • Advanced or untreated HIV infection
    • Active treatment with high-dose corticosteroids (i.e., ≥20mg prednisone or equivalent per day), alkylating agents, antimetabolites, transplant-related immunosuppressive drugs, cancer chemotherapeutic agents classified as severely immunosuppressive, tumor-necrosis (TNF) blockers, and other biologic agents that are immunosuppressive or immunomodulatory.
  • Is my COVID-19 vaccine effective against the Delta variant?
    According to the CDC, the COVID-19 vaccines authorized in the United States are highly effective at preventing severe disease and death, including against the Delta variant. But they are not 100% effective and some fully vaccinated people will become infected (called a breakthrough infection) and experience illness. For such people, the vaccine provides them strong protection against serious illness and death.
  • If I am unvaccinated but have had COVID-19, do I need to complete screening testing?
    According to the Illinois Department of Public Health, if you have a confirmed timeline of a infection in the past 90 days then you do not need to test during that 90-day period. However, if you were infected with COVID-19 greater than 90 days prior to when testing begins, you will need to be tested [weekly] until you are fully vaccinated in accordance with the Governor's Executive Order 2021-22.

Booster Information

  • What is the difference between an additional dose and a booster shot?
    An additional dose is administered to people with moderately to severely compromised immune systems. This additional dose of an mRNA COVID-19 vaccine is intended to improve immunocompromised people’s response to their initial vaccine series. A booster shot is administered when a person has completed their vaccine series, and protection against the virus has decreased over time.
  • Who meets the COVID-19 booster dose requirements?

    Per current CDC recommendations everyone ages 18 and older should get a COVID-19 booster shot.

    If you received Pfizer-BioNTech of Moderna as your primary vaccine, you should receive a COVID-19 booster shot if you are:

    • Ages 18 years and older.
     You can get your booster shot six months after completing your primary mRNA vaccine series. 


    If you received Johnson & Johnson's Janssen as your primary vaccine, you should receive a COVID-19 booster shot if you are:

    • Ages 18 years and older.
    You can get your booster shot two months after receiving your primary vaccine.

     

  • What are the risks to getting a booster shot?
    So far, reactions reported after getting a booster shot were similar to that of the 2-shot or single-dose initial series. Fever, headache, fatigue and pain at the injection site were the most commonly reported side effects, and overall, most side effects were mild to moderate. However, as with the 2-shot or single-dose initial series, serious side effects are rare, but may occur.
  • Are booster shots the same formulation as existing vaccines?
    Yes. COVID-19 booster shots are the same formulation as the current COVID-19 vaccines. However, in the case of the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine booster shot, it is half the dose of the vaccine people get for their initial series.
  • Am I still considered "fully vaccinated" if I don't get a booster shot?
    Yes. Everyone is still considered fully vaccinated two weeks after their second dose in a two-shot series, such as the Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna vaccines, or two weeks after a single-dose vaccine, such as the J&J/Janssen vaccine.

    Data from small clinical trials show that a Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna booster shot increased the immune response in trial participants who finished their initial series 6 months earlier. A similar clinical trial showed that a J&J/Janssen booster shot also increased the immune response in participants who completed their single-dose vaccine at least 2 months earlier. With an increased immune response, people should have improved protection against COVID-19, including the Delta variant.

  • Can I mix and match COVID-19 vaccines?
    Per the CDC, eligible individuals may choose which vaccine they receive as a booster dose. Some people may have a preference for the vaccine type that they originally received and others may prefer to get a different booster. CDC’s recommendations now allow for this type of mix and match dosing for booster shots.

    Available data right now show that all three of the COVID-19 vaccines approved or authorized in the United States continue to be highly effective in reducing risk of severe disease, hospitalization, and death, even against the widely circulating Delta variant.

Vaccine for ages 5-11 FAQs

Vaccine for ages 12-15 FAQs

Vaccine Research

  • What kind of testing did researchers do to make sure the vaccine is safe?

    It begins in a lab with scientific observations and evaluation of what vaccine will work well. If approved for human clinical trials, phase one means a small group of adult volunteers receive the vaccine trial, phase two is for a group of volunteers who receive the new vaccine and phase three is to determine safety and efficacy in a larger number of volunteers. It takes months for each phase. These phases happened simultaneously and under emergency utilization authorization, the approval, not the study, was expedited.

    The FDA and the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) establish committees to review the scientific data and make recommendations on a vaccine candidate’s safety, efficacy and distribution. The FDA holds the studies for COVID-19 to the same standard as every other vaccine.

  • Should people be worried that drug companies produced these COVID-19 vaccines so rapidly?

    No. Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) issued by the government allows the process to move faster and COVID-19 assessments began with larger control groups of 30,000.

    Lab testing processes of various vaccines ran simultaneously rather than sequentially with control groups. Scientists and vaccine manufacturers around the world have a solid understanding of how to rapidly manufacture a vaccine for infectious agents that stimulate a strong immune response. The flu vaccine is a good example of this process.

    With the pandemic, there was a strong focus across the world on deploying extra resources in terms of research, manufacturing and clinical testing teams in companies and research labs. There were many eyes on the development of the vaccine.

Who should get the vaccine?

  • Who should get the vaccine?

    Carle encourages everyone to schedule their vaccination as soon as possible to protect yourself and others from COVID-19.

  • If someone who has COVID is exposed to virus again, can they spread or carry the virus to others?

    Experts believe that those who have had a COVID-19 infection are most likely immune for the 90 days after their symptoms began or they had a positive test, whichever comes first.

  • Should someone who has had COVID-19 and recovered take the vaccine?

    Experts are uncertain of how long natural immunity lasts in someone who has had COVID-19. A person who has COVID-19 now should wait to get vaccinated until that individual has recovered and criteria have been met to discontinue isolation. While there is otherwise no recommended minimum interval between infection and vaccination, current evidence suggests that reinfection is uncommon in the 90 days after initial infection. Thus, those with documented COVID-19 infection in the previous 90 days may delay vaccination until near the end of this period, if desired.

  • Should someone who has received passive antibody therapy (Monoclonal Antibodies) for COVID-19 take the vaccine?

    Currently, there is no data on the safety and efficacy of Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccination in people who received monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma as part of COVID-19 treatment. Based on the estimated half-life of such therapies as well as evidence suggesting that reinfection is uncommon in the 90 days after infection, in this instance, vaccination should be deferred for at least 90 days, as a precautionary measure until more information becomes available, to avoid interference of the antibody treatment with vaccine-induced immune responses.

  • Should you take the vaccine if you are pregnant?

    Based on current knowledge, experts believe that mRNA vaccines are unlikely to pose a risk for people who are pregnant. Observational data demonstrates that while the absolute risk is low, pregnant people with COVID-19 have an increased risk of severe illness. Additionally, they might be at an increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm birth due to COVID-19. The American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology recommends the vaccine. Patients who are pregnant should talk with their provider with questions.

  • Should you take the vaccine if you are lactating?

    There are no data on the safety of COVID-19 vaccines in lactating people or the effects of mRNA vaccines on the breastfed infant or milk production/excretion. mRNA vaccines are not thought to be a risk to the breastfeeding infant. A lactating person who is part of a group recommended to receive a COVID-19 vaccine (e.g., healthcare personnel) may choose to be vaccinated. As always, if you have questions, talk to your healthcare provider.

  • Should you get the vaccine if you plan to become pregnant soon?

    There is no recommendation for routine pregnancy testing before receipt of a COVID-19 vaccine. Those who are trying to become pregnant do not need to avoid pregnancy after Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccination.

  • Should you get a vaccine if you have underlying medical conditions?

    Both approved COVID-19 vaccines may be administered to persons with underlying medical conditions who have no allergic reactions to the ingredients of the vaccination. Staff will observe patients for 15 minutes following vaccination.

  • Should you get a vaccine if you have allergies?

    The only adverse side effect is a history of severe allergic reaction (e.g., anaphylaxis) to any component of the Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna vaccines. Those with a history of anaphylaxis to other vaccines or other injectable medicines should have a risk assessment and potentially defer the vaccine. If it is given, the patient should be observed for 30 minutes.

  • Should you get the vaccine if you have an immunocompromising condition?

    Immunocompromised individuals may still receive COVID-19 vaccination if they have no contraindications to vaccination. However, they should be counseled about the unknown vaccine safety profile and effectiveness in immunocompromised populations, as well as the potential for reduced immune responses and the need to continue to follow all current guidance to protect themselves against COVID-19.

    Persons with HIV infection, other immunocompromising conditions, or who take immunosuppressive medications or therapies might be at increased risk for severe COVID-19. Data are not currently available to establish vaccine safety and efficacy in these groups. Persons with stable HIV infection were included in phase 2/3 clinical trials, though data specific to this group are not yet available.

    Individuals who are immunocompromised should talk to their doctor with questions. After vaccination, immunocompromised patients will be observed for 30 minutes.

Vaccine Cost

  • Is there a cost to me? Is it covered by insurance?

    The federal government will cover the cost of the vaccine at this time. Most insurance plans are mandated by Federal law to cover the cost to deliver the vaccine without applying out-of-pocket responsibility to you. There are no out-of-pocket costs to receive the vaccine.

    Carle does charge for the administration of the vaccine, which will be billed to your insurer. You may see this charge on your Explanation of Benefits sent by your insurer, or in your MyCarle account. These are not bills from Carle asking you to pay. If you do receive a bill from Carle requesting you to pay and you believe you have been billed in error, please call Carle Patient Financial Services at (888) 71-CARLE or (888) 712-2753.

  • I do not have health insurance. Will I have to pay to get vaccine at Carle?

    The federal government will cover the cost of vaccine for those who are uninsured. If you have more questions about your healthcare costs or a Carle bill contact Carle Patient Financial Services at (888) 71-CARLE, (888) 712-2753.

  • Do patients have to pay to get vaccine at the Carle-run vaccine sites?

    At the Carle vaccine clinics, we will take down your insurance information (similar to processes at COVID-19 testing sites). If you have health insurance, there is a charge to deliver the vaccine, which will be billed to your insurer. You may see this charge on your Explanation of Benefits sent by your insurer, or in your MyCarle account. These are not bills from Carle asking you to pay. If you do receive a bill from Carle requesting you to pay and you believe you have been billed in error, please call Carle Patient Financial Services at (888) 71-CARLE or (888) 712-2753. If you don’t have insurance, you won’t get a bill.